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A   

A&G

administrative and general expense; also G&A

ABWR

advanced boiling water nuclear reactor

AC

alternating current

ACC

air cooled condenser

ACCCE

American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity; formerly CEED/ABEC

ACE

area control error

ACE

American Coalition for Ethanol

ACEEE

American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy

ACRE®

Action Committee for Rural Electrification (NRECA)

AEA

Atomic Energy Act

AEE

Association of Energy Engineers

AEIC

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies

AFC

automatic frequency control

AFUDC

allowance for funds used during construction

AM/FM/GIS

automated mapping/facilities management/geographic information system

AMI

advanced meter infrastructure

AMR

automatic meter reading

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APA

Alaska Power Administration

APM

ACES Power Marketing

APPA

American Public Power Association

AQCS

Air Quality Control System

AREA

Arrowhead Regional Emission Abatement Plan

ARTO

Alliance RTO

ASD

adjustable speed drive

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, & Air-Conditioning Engineers

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM

American Society for Testing & Materials

ATC

available transmission transfer capability

AVS

Antelope Valley Station

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B

BACT

Best Available Control Technology

BANANA

build absolutely nothing anywhere near anything

BART

Best Available Retrofit Technology

BC

Bank for Cooperatives

BEPC

Basin Electric Power Cooperative, Bismarck, ND

Bcf

one billion cubic feet

BHP

Black Hills Power

BIL

basic lightning impulse insulation level

BNSF

Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway 

BPA

Bonneville Power Administration

BSC 

Bismarck State College 

BSL

basic switching impluse insulation level

BTU

British Thermal Unit

BWR

boiling water nuclear reactor

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C   

C&RE

Conservation & Renewable Energy Program (Western)

CAA

Clean Air Act

CAAA

Clean Air Act Amendement (1990)

CAIDI

Customer Average Interruption Duration Index

CA ISO

California ISO

CAIR

Clean Air Interstate Rule

CAMR

Clean Air Mercury Rule

CAMU

Colorado Association of Municipal Utilities

CBM

coalbed methane

CBO

Congressional Budget Office

CBPC

Corn Belt Power Cooperative, IA

CC

combined cycle power plant

CCC

Certified Cooperative Communicator

CCD

Credentialed Cooperative Director

CCPC 

Canadian Clean Power Coalition

CCPI

Clean Coal Power Initiative

CCS

carbon capture and storage

CDD/HDD

cooling degree day/heating degree day

CEA

Canadian Electrical Association

CEED

Center for Energy & Economic Development; changed to American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) in 2008

CEM

continuous stack emission monitoring (EPA)

CEPS

Clean Energy Portfolio Standards

CFB

circulating fluidized bed

CFC

National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation

CFCs

Chlorofluorocarbons

CFL

compact fluorescent lightbulb

CIGRE

International Conference on Large High Voltage Electric Systems

CMEPC

Central Montana Electric Power Cooperative, MT

CMRTO

Crescent Moon Regional Transmission Organization (2000)

COE

Army Corps of Engineers

COOP

cooperative utility

COP

coefficient of performance; efficiency

COU

consumer-owned utility

CP

Cooperative Power, MN (merged to form GRE)

CPSS

Center for Power System Studies (SDSU)

CREA

Colorado Rural Electric Association

CREB

Clean Renewable Energy Bond

CREC

Council of Rural Electric Communicators

CRC

Cooperative Response Center

CREDA

Colorado River Energy Distributors Association

CRN

Cooperative Research Network

CRSP

Colorado River Storage Project Management Center

CSR

Customer Service Region (Western)

CSU

Colorado Springs Utilities

CT

current transformer; combustion turbine

CTC

competitive transition charge

CTG

combustion turbine generator

CURE

Consumers United for Rail Equity

CUS

Common Use System

CWIP

construction work in progress

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D

DC

direct current

DCC

Dakota Coal Company

DEC

diversified energy company

DEED

Demonstration of Energy Efficient Developments (APPA)

DFS

Dry Fork Station 

DG

distributed or dispersed generation

DGC

Dakota Gasification Company

DISCO

electric distribution company

DM&E 

Dakota, Minnesota & Eastern Railroad 

DOE

Department of Energy (1977)

DSM

demand-side management

DSTAR

Desert Star RTO

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E   

EA

Environmental Assessment (federal)

ECA

electrical cost adjustment

ECAR

East Central Reliability Coordination (RRC)

ECE

Electric Council for the Economy

ECPA

Electric Consumers Protection Act (1986)

EEI

Edison Electric Institute (IOUs)

EER

energy efficiency ratio

EERC

Energy and Environmental Research Center

EERE

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

EGA

Electric Generation Association

EGS

electric generation supplier

EHV

extra high voltage

EIA

Energy Information Administration

EIC

Electric Information Council

EIS

Environmental Impact Statement

ELCON

Electric Consumers Resource Council

EMF

electric and magnetic fields

EMS

energy management system

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPAct

Energy Policy Act (2005)

EPAMP

Energy Planning and Management Program (Western)

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

ERCOT

Electric Reliability Council of Texas (RRC)

ERDA

Energy Research and Development Administration

EREPC

East River Electric Power Cooperative, SD

ESA

Energy Storage Association

ESCO

energy service company

ETS

electric thermal storage

EUI

electric utility industry

EV

electric vehicle

EVAA

Electric Vehicle Association of the Americas

EWG

exempt wholesale generator (EPAct)

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F

FASB

Financial Accounting Standards Board

FCA

Flood Control Act (1944)

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FCCG

Fuel Cell Commercialization Group

FERC

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

FFB

Federal Financing Bank

FGD

flue gas desulfurization

FOA

fan/oil/air cooled

FONSI

Finding of No Significant Impact statement

FPA

Federal Power Act (1935)

FPPA

Fort Peck Project Act (1938)

FRA

Federal Railroad Administration

FRCC

Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (RRC)

FREIC

Federated Rural Electric Insurance Corporation

FRPC

Front Range Power Company

FTE

full time equivalent personnel (federal)

FWPA

Federal Water Power Act (1920)

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G   

G&T

generation and transmission utility

GAO

Government Accountability Office

GCC

Global Climate Coalition

GENCO

electric generation company

GFCI

ground-fault circuit interrupter

GFRTO

GridFlorida RTO (Florida Transco)

GIS

geographic information system

GLECA

Great Lakes Electric Consumers Association

GOTRAC 

Growth Opportunities Through Rail Access Coalition 

GPS

global positioning system

GPSP

Great Plains Synfuels Plant (Synfuels Plant)

GRE

Great River Energy, MN (merger of CP & UPA)

GSRTO

GridSouth RTO

GT

gas turbine

GW

gigawatt (1,000,000,000 watts)

GWh

gigawatt-hour

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H   

HCPD

Heartland Consumers Power District, SD

hp

horsepower

HV

high voltage

HZ

Hertz (cycles per second)

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I   

IADG

Iowa Area Development Group

IAEC

Iowa Association of Electric Cooperatives

IAMU

Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities

ICE

Informed Citizens for the Environment

ICC

Interstate Commerce Commission

ICPA

Intermountain Consumer Power Association

IDR

Issuer Default Rating

IEEE

Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers

IEG

Iowa Environmental Group

IESNA

Illuminating Engineering Society of North America

IGCC

integrated gasification combined cycle

IGFC

integrated gasification fuel cell

IGSHPA

International Ground Source Heat Pump Association

IMG

Iowa Marketing Group

IMO

Independent Electric Market Organization of Ontario

IOS

integrated operations services

IOU

investor-owned utility

IPCC

International Panel on Climate Change

IPP

Inland Power Pool

IPP

independent power producer (PURPA)

IRP

integrated resources planning

IS

integrated system

ISC

Industrial Siting Commission 

ISO

independent transmission system operator

ISO MOU

ISO Memorandum of Understanding (PJM, NYISO, ISO NE, & IL)

ISO NE

USI New England

ISUB

Iowa State Utilities Board

ITA

independent transmission agent; independent tariff administration; integrated transmission agreement

ITC

independent transmission company

ITC

investment tax credit

IUC

integrated utility company

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J   

JAA

joint action agency

JOA

joint operating agreement

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K   

kbps

kilobits per second

kV

kilovolt (1,000 volts)

kVa

kilovolt-amperes

kVar

kilovar

kW

kilowatt (1,000 watts)

kWh

kilowatt-hour (energy)

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L   

LAER

lowest achievable air emissions rate

LCP

least cost planning

LDC

local distribution company

LEC 

Lignite Energy Council 

LED

light-emitting diode

LES

Lincoln Electric System, NE

LFC

load frequency control

LMP

locational marginal pricing

LNG

liquefied natural gas

LOLP

loss of load probability

LOPC

L&O Power Cooperative, IA

LOS 

Leland Olds Station

LPPC

Large Public Power Council

LRS 

Laramie River Station

LTC

load tap changer

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M   

M/KWH

mills/kilowatt hour (1/10 cent/KWH)

MAAC

Mid-Atlantic Area Council (see PJM)

MAIN

Mid-America Interconnected Network

MAPP

Mid-Continent Area Power Pool

MBMECA

Missouri Basin Municipal Electric Cooperative Association, IA

MBPP

Missouri Basin Power Project (1971)

MBSG

Missouri Basin Systems Group (merged w/MECA in 1999)

Mcf

one thousand cubic feet

MDU

Montana-Dakota Utilities, ND

MEAN

Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska, NE

MEC

Mid-American Energy Company

MECA

Montana Electric Cooperatives Association

MECA

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association

MEEE

Minnesotans for an Energy Efficient Economy

MHD

magnetohydrodynamic

MHEB

Manitoba Hydroelectric Board

MHEB

Manitoba Hydro Electric Board

MIP

Member Investment Program

MISO

Midwest Independent System Operator

MMU

Marshall Municipal Utilities, MN

MMUA

Minnesota Municipal Utilities Association

MOM

Missouri River Master Water Control (operating) Manual (COE)

MPC

Minnkota Power Cooperative, MN

MPCA

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

MPUC

Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

MR&I

municipal, rural and industrial water

MRBA

Missouri River Basin Association

MREA

Minnesota Rural Electric Association

MRES

Missouri River Energy Services, SD (formerly MBMPA)

MRO

Midwest Reliability Organization

MTBE

methyl tertiary butyl ether

MUNI

municipal utility

MVA

megavolt-amperes (power)

MW

megawatt (1,000,000 watts)

MWh

megawatt-hour (1,000 KHW)

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N   

NAAQS

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

NAEHPA

North American Electric Heat Pump Alliance

NAERO

North American Electric Reliability Organization (successor to NERC)

NARUC

National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners

NCEA

North Central Electric Association

NCREC

North Central Research Extension Center

NCSC

National Cooperative Services Corporation

NDAMPS

North Dakota Association of Municipal Power Systems

NDAREC

North Dakota Association of Rural Electric Cooperatives

NDC

National Development Council

NDMPA

North Dakota Municipal Power Agency, ND

NDPSC

North Dakota Public Service Commission

NEC

National Electric Code (ANSI/NFPA)

NEF

National Energy Foundation

NEGTC

Nebraska Electric G&T Cooperative, NE

NEMA

National Electric Manufacturers Association

NERC

North American Electric Reliability Council (to be replaced by NAERO)

NERTO

New England RTO

NESARC

National Endangered Species Act Reform Coalition

NESC

National Electric Safety Code (ANSI/IEEE)

NETL

National Energy Technology Laboratory

NFEC

National Food and Energy Council

NIEP

National Independent Energy Producers

NIMBY

not in my back yard

NIPCO

Northwest Iowa Power Cooperative, IA

NMPP

Nebraska Municipal Power Pool

NOPR

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FERC)

NOV

Notice of Violation

NPA

Nebraska Power Association

NPCC

Northeast Power Coordinating Council (RRC)

NPCC

National Preference Customer Committee

NPPD

Nebraska Public Power District, NE

NPRB

Nebraska Power Review Board

NPSC

Nebraska Public Service Commission

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

NRCO

National Renewables Cooperative Organization

NREA

Nebraska Rural Electric Association

NRECA

National Rural Electric Cooperative Association

NREL

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (1992)

NREVAC

Non-Road Elect Vehicles Applications Consortium

NRHN

National Rural Health Network

NRTC

National Rural Telephone Cooperative

NSPS

new source performance standards (EPA)

NSR

New Source Review

NTCA

National Telephone Cooperative Association

NUG

non-utility generator

NUTSEA

National Utility Training & Safety Education Association

NWPPA

Northwest Public Power Association

NWPS

Northwestern Public Service, SD

NYPP

New York Power Pool

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O   

O&M

operations and maintenance

OA

oil/air cooled

OASIS

open access sure-time transmission information system; RIN

OCR 

oil circuit recloser 

OFA

over-fired air

OM&R

operations, maintenance and replacement

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

OPPD

Omaha Public Power District, NE

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OTP

Otter Tail Power Company

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P   

PAC

powdered activated carbon

PC

subcritical pulverized coal

PCA

power cost adjustment

PCB

polychlorinated biphenyl

PCCA

Power & Communication Contractors Association

PCOR 

Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership 

PE

licensed professional engineer

PFBC

pressurized fluidized-bed combustion

PFN

Public Finance Network

PHEV

plug-in hybrid electric vehicle

PJM

Pennsylvania/Jersey/Maryland Interconnection

PMA

power marketing administration (eg. Western)

PMI

Power Marketing Initiative (Western)

POOLCO

alternative power pool

POWERPAC

APPA Political Action Committee

PPD/PUD

public power district/public utility district

PPDC

Public Power Development Corporation

PRB

Powder River Basin

PRECorp

Powder River Energy Corporation

PRPA

Platt River Power Authority

PRS

annual power repayment study (Western)

PRWCMT

Platte River Whooping Crane Maintenance Trust

PSC

public service commission

PSCO

Public Service Company of Colorado

PSD

Prevention of Significant Deterioration

PS&I

preliminary survey and investigation costs

PT

potential (voltage) transformer

PTC

production tax credit

PUC

public utility commission

PUCSC

Public Utilities Commission of the State of CO

PUHCA

Public Utilities Holding Company Act (1935)

PURPA

Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (1978)

PV

photovoltaic

PWR

pressurized water nuclear reactor

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Q   

QA/QC

quality assurance/quality control

QF

qualifying facility (PURPA)

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R   

RA

Reclamation Act (1902)

RATA

Relative Accuracy Testing Audit

RBCS

Rural Business-Cooperative Service

RDF

refuse-derived fuel

REA

Rural Electrification Administration (1935 - 1994)

REA

Rural Electrification Act (1936)

REC

rural electric cooperative

REMC

rural electric membership corporation

REMDC

Rural Electric Management Development Council

REPC

Rushmore Electric Power Cooperative, SD

RER

Rural Electric Research (NRECA)

RERC

Rural Electricity Resource Council

RESMA

Rural Electric Statewide Manager Association

RIN

real-time information network; OASIS

RMCMI

Rocky Mountain Coal Mining Institute 

RMEL

Rocky Mountain Electrical League

RMGC

Rocky Mountain Generation Cooperation

RMPP

Rocky Mountain Power Pool

RMRG

Rocky Mountain Reserve Group

RMW

Rushmore west

ROI 

return on investment 

RPA

Reclamation Project Act (1939)

RPS

Renewable Portfolio Standards

RRC

regional reliability council (eg. MAPP)

RTE

regional transmission entity

RTG

regional transmission group

RTO

regional transmission organization

RTOW

RTO West

RTU

remote terminal unit

RUS

Rural Utilities Service (1994)

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S   

SAIDI

System Average Interruption Duration Index

SAIFI

System Average Interruption Frequency Index

SCADA

supervisory control and data acquisition

SCPC

supercritical pulverized coal

SDMEA

South Dakota Municipal Electric Association

SDMPA

South Dakota Municipal Power Agency, SD

SDPUC

South Dakota Public Utilities Commission

SDREA

South Dakota Rural Electric Association

SEA

sorbent enhancement additives

SEER

seasonal energy efficiency rating

SEIA

Solar Energy Industries Association

SEPA

Southeastern Power Administration

SERC

Southeastern Electric Reliability Council (RRC)

SIP

State Implementation Plan

SMMPA

Southern Minnestoa Municipal Power Agency, MN

SMS 

Spirit Mound Station

SNG

synthetic natural gas

SOC 

soil organic carbon 

SPC

Saskatchewan Power Corporation

SPEC

Sunflower Electric Power Cooperative, KS

SPLAN

strategic planning

SPP

Southwest Power Pool (RRC)

STB

Surface Transportation Board

SVC

static var control

SWPA

Southwestern Power Administration

SWPRA

Southwestern Power Resources Association

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T   

TAPS

Transmission Access Policy Study Group

T&D

transmission and distribution

TDU

transmission dependent utility

TEC

The Electrification Council

TIA

Territorial Integrity Act

TMDL

Total Maximum Daily Load

TPM

third party marketer

TRANSCO

transmission company

TSGTA

Tri-State Generation & Transmission Association

TSM

Transmission Systems Maintenance

TSNW

Tri-State Nebraska west

TTC

total transmission transfer capability

TTWWAD

that's the way we've always done it

TVA

Tennessee Valley Authority

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U   

UARG

Utility Air Regulatory Group

UBECA

United BioEnergy Commercialization Association

UBG

Utility Battery Group

UCETF

Urban Consortium Energy Task Force

UDC

utility distribution company

UHV

ultra-high voltage

UMGTEC

Upper Missouri G&T Electric Cooperative, MT

UP

Utility Plus, MN

UPA

United Power Association, MN (merged to form GRE)

UPC

utility parent company

UPS 

uninterrupted power supply 

UPVG

Utility Photovoltaic Group

URD

underground residential distribution

URRA

Utility Renewable Resources Association

USABC

US Advanced Battery Consortium

USBR

US Bureau of Reclamation (1902); also BOR

USCEA

US Council for Energy Awareness

USCPC

ultra-supercritical pulverized coal

USDA

US Department of Agriculture

USEA

US Energy Association

USEIA

U.S. Energy Information Administration

UST

underground storage tank

USWAG

Utility Solid Waste Activities Group

UTC

Utility Telecommunications Council

UWAG

Utility Water Act Group

UWIG

Utility Wind Interest Group

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V   

V

volt

VA

volt-ampere

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W   

WACM

Western Area Colorado Missouri Control Area

WAFB

Warren Air Force Base

WALC

Western Area Lower Colorado

WAPA

Western Area Power Administration, CO

WAPA

Western Area Power Administration (1977)
Note: WAPA prefers to be called "Western"

WFA

Western Fuels Association

Wh

Watt-hour

WIA

Wyoming Infrastructure Authority

WMMPA

Western Minnesota Municipal Power Agency, MN

WMPA

Wyoming Municipal Power Agency WY

WPEC

West Plains Electric Cooperative

WPP

Western Power Producers

WPSC

Wyoming Public Service Commission

WQCC

Water Quality Control Commission

WREA

Wyoming Rural Electric Association

WSCC

Western Systems Coordinating Council

WSPC

Western States Power Corporation

WSWPCC

Western States Water & Power Consumers Conference

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